Science Made Simple

Science Made Simple

Science made simple isn't rocket science. But it can ignite an inquisitive mind and there are lots of very simple, playful experiments that will amaze, fascinate and and help your children learn some basic science fundamentals.

1. Penguin ice eggs  – Amy Woods

Your task is to help the baby penguins hatch from their ice eggs.

Learning Intentions

Children will begin to discover ways to melt ice. What is the fastest way to hatch the penguin from their eggs? Talk about the various properties of water, i.e. ice, water, liquid, melting, etc.


1. Put a small toy penguin (or other small toys) into a balloon. Fill the balloon with water and tie. (add food colouring into the balloon to make the eggs colourful).

2. Put the balloon in the freezer and allow it to freeze. Once frozen, peel of the balloon and place the ice eggs into a tray.

3. Encourage the children to help the penguins hatch from their eggs using a variety of methods. For example, pouring salt, spraying warm water from a spray bottle, using syringes, etc. N.B. if using salt, ensure to wear gloves to protect hands from ice burns.


2. How far can your rocket go? – Kerry O’Kane

Make a rocket and use your breath to shoot it across the room. Compete to see who can land on the moon! Use a measuring tape to measure your distance and record the results.

Learning Intentions

Measure distances using a measuring tape and predict how far your rocket will go.


1. Resources: Straw, tape, colouring pencils/pens, scissors, circles to create planets and a measuring tape

2. Use the resources to create your own rocket and launcher.

3. Make planets and a moon and lay them out on the floor.

4. Predict what planet you want to land on and use your strength to blow the rocket off the straw.

5. Use the measuring tape to record the distance.

6. Extension – record results and put in order.


3. Changes of Matter Chocolate Experiment  – Selina Hendry

This tasty experiment uses chocolate as a visual representation of the change from solids to liquids. Can we do it again mum?

Learning Intentions

Children will develop an understanding of the process of change of matter, specifically the melting process of solids. Children will also explore methods and ways to speed up this process.


1. Experiment with how chocolate melts.

2. Place a chocolate button in the centre of their hand, close their hand tight and sing the alphabet. Then discuss what happened to the chocolate button. It melted, but why? (heat from our hand).

3. To extend the activity, use different safe heat sources to melt the button. Get them to predict how many seconds it will take and then time it.

4. Explore if white chocolate or dark chocolate melt faster or slower.

5. To conclude, discuss other ways to melt solids and what you could do to change a solid back to a liquid.